Beer is made from fermented grains and has 3 to 6 percent of alcohol content while is made from fermented fruits and have alcohol content of 11 to 14 percent. Spirits are made from fermented distilling products. It usually contains 40-50 percent of alcohol. American Council Education says 12 ounce glass of beer, 5 ounces of wine and 1. 5 ounce shots of spirits contains the same amount of alcohol. Beer, wine and spirit have the same potential for intoxication and addiction. When a person consumes alcohol the drug acts on nerve cells deep in the brain.
These are the well known signs that a person is drunk: the smell of alcohol on breath, irritability, loss of physical coordination, violent behaviour, loss of balance, incoherent speech, loss of consciousness, slowed thinking, blackouts, and Euphoria, an extreme happiness. According to the American Psychiatric Association, (1994) that alcohol use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by alcohol. Frequent binge drinking or getting severely drunk more than twice is classed as alcohol misuse.
According to research done through international surveys, the heaviest drinkers happen to be the United Kingdoms adolescent generation. Alcohol abuse affects about 10% of women and 20% of men in the United States, most beginning by their mid-teens. In Antipolo City, Philippines, many teenagers are now facing the problems of being addicted to alcoholic beverages. One major cause is depression and family problems. Teenagers who are facing this kind of problem suffer in terms of heath like disorders in their eating habits.
Other illnesses and diseases which they may have are liver cancer, migraines, and various sicknesses associated with their physiques. Where an alcoholic has experienced a sense of withdrawal in the same time period. According to http://www. sciencedaily. com/articles /a/alcoholism. htm alcoholism is the consumption of preoccupation with alcoholic beverage to the extent that this behaviour interferes. The chronic alcohol caused by alcoholism can result in psychological or physiological disorder.
It is also called worlds mostly drug use problems. Alcoholism is often progressive diseases says Ehrlich (2011). A person who is alcoholic typically craves for alcohol and drink and increases his tolerance for alcohol stated by Stoppler (2011) For this reason according to Langham (2010) they are causes of teen alcoholism depend on genetics and life experienced. Teens begin drinking before the age 15 according to Butler (2006) are more likely to develop a dependency on alcohol than those who begin drinking 21 years old.
According to Langham (2010) following reason of alcoholism in teens is: Genetics or Family History, meaning a teenager comes from families who its family members are addictive in alcoholism because some teenagers experienced frequent in sexual, physical, mental, or emotional abuse in home but also in school. Another basis of alcoholism in teens is peer pressure, teens experience this kind of reason when a teenager feels that she or he is not accepted because there is something wrong to his or her personality or maybe he or she becomes alcoholic because of friends.
Lack of parental support is one of the sources, teenager who regularly experiences this kind of trait is a person who regularly experience harsh discipline, criticism, hostility and rejection of his or her parents and the foremost reason of alcoholism in teens is depression, a teenager convince himself or herself that alcohol will take away his or her sadness and make her feel better stated by Boyles (2012).
If its so, this causes may lead to some teenagers in different dangerous effect like: decreasing of paying attention, difficulties in memory, drunk driving, suicide attempt, engaged in sexual activity , poor hygiene, breaking curfews, Hiding in their room, becoming verbally or physically abusive toward others according to Palmera (2009)To understand teenagers. Parekh (2009) says that parents seek for understanding; they must always use the open communication for teens. To care by letting them be who they are, gaining the trust of the adolescent. CHAPTER II.
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES The numerous studies and articles on Alcohol is ethanol, or ethyl alcohol. It is a powerful, addictive, central nervous system depressant produced by the action of yeast cells on carbohydrates in fruits and grains. A liquid that is taken orally, alcohol is often consumed in copious quantities. American Psychiatric Association, (1994) that alcohol use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by alcohol.
Surveys of adolescent and young adult drinkers indicate that they are particularly likely to drink heavily with the intention of getting drunk often every time they drink according to http://mentorfoundation . org/drugs. php? id=2. Alcoholism is the consumption of or preoccupation with alcoholic beverages to the extent that this behaviour interferes with the alcoholics normal personal, family, social, or work life by http://www. sciencedaily. com /articles /a/alcoholism. htm. Alcoholism is also is a chronic, often progressive disease.
A person with alcoholism typically craves alcohol by Ehrlich (2011), and for Langham (2010) Alcoholism is a chronic disease in which someone becomes dependent on alcohol. The following section will present succinct points which are tediously discussed in the following order: Causes, and Effects. Causes Many teens have fallen victim to the ingestion and accommodation of alcoholic drinks which they have been able to acquire, sadly, from local sources. These are the common causes which encourage or lead a teen into alcoholic addiction and dependence: Abuse.
Teen Suicide Prevention states that a teenager who experiences frequent sexual, physical, mental or emotional abuse at home is more likely to form an alcohol dependency than a teenager who comes from a stable, loving and non-abusive home. Abused teenagers may use alcohol as a way to dull or block out their pain and forget reality for a short time. Peer Pressure. During adolescence, teenagers usually feel increased pressure to be accepted by their peers and to make friends, according to the website Teen Drug Abuse. A teenager may feel that she is not accepted because there is something wrong with her personality.
She may associate alcohol dependency with loosening up and fitting in with her peers. In addition, a teenager may become an alcoholic because her friends are alcoholics. If a teenager spends a lot of time with other teens who abuse alcohol, then it is likely that she will also abuse alcohol as a way to fit in. Depression. Teens who are depressed are more likely to become alcoholics than teens who are not depressed. Alcohol acts as a depressant that affects the central nervous system and increases depression in some teens, according to Depression-Guide. com.
A teenager may convince herself that the alcohol will take away her sadness and make her feel better, but after the alcohol wears off she may feel worse than she did before she began drinking. Lack of Parental Support. During adolescence, a lack of parental support, guidance or communication can cause a teenager to become dependent on alcohol, according to Focus Adolescent Services located in Salisbury, Maryland. Teenagers who regularly experience harsh discipline, criticism, hostility or rejection from their parents tend to feel abandoned, causing them to turn to alcohol as a way to dull the pain.
(Langham, 2010) Effects Butler (2006) stated that teenagers have been drinking alcohol in early 15 in age. There several warning signs indicating that your teen is abusing alcohol or other drugs: Changes in appetite or sleep patterns. This could be characterized by a marked increase or decrease in either or both. For example, individuals abusing amphetamines may show a diminished need for sleep and food. Those abusing marijuana may sleep more and have an increased appetite. These effects may vary depending upon the drug being abused.
If you are interested in the effects of specific drug use, you may want to conduct some online research or call your local drug and alcohol commission or mental health clinic for more specific information. Deterioration of physical appearance. Typical teenagers are very concerned about the way they look to peers and friends and may be very specific about clothing, makeup, and overall hygiene. Individuals abusing substances often start to focus less on their physical appearance as their substance use increases. Withdrawal from social or important activities.
You may notice your teen stops showing interest in things he or she once found pleasurable. For example, they may start missing school or participate less in sporting events or other social activities. They may also stop attending family functions or gatherings such as church because their drug use has become more important, or they may be embarrassed and try to hide their use from others. Unexplained need for money or secretive about spending habits. Individuals abusing drugs may begin asking for money without a clear reason. Generally an abuser will not ask for very large amounts, but rather small amounts over periods of time.
They may also become more secretive about spending habits. For example, he or she may claim to need more for something than they actually need and pocket the extra money. Sudden change in friends or locations. The abusers friends or hangout spots may change. For example, a teen may start hanging out with a different crowd of friends. You may notice where they hang out may change as well. They may suddenly think their old friends are no longer cool. They also may start to break curfew or lie about where they are hanging out. Increased interpersonal or legal problems.
Individuals abusing substances may start having more interpersonal problems, i. e. , increased arguments with parents, friends, or other authority figures. They may begin to get in legal trouble for shoplifting or other crimes and cited for possession or underage drinking. Change in personality or attitude. This one can be a little tricky. Given the raging hormones of teenagers, personality and attitudes can change regularly. In someone abusing substances, this will look a little different. The mood swings would be unlike typical teenage attitudes.
Depending on the substance being abused, you may begin to notice marked hyperactivity or extreme happiness followed by a crash where the mood becomes just the opposite. The individual may appear very lethargic or more irritable than usual. Thinking and behaviours may become irrational and unpredictable. Neglecting responsibilities. If your teen is normally very responsible and there is a change in that behaviour, this may be a sign. Substance abuse often begins to take precedence over other things that were once deemed important. As a result, responsibilities are often neglected and the teen becomes more and more irresponsible over time.
Using despite knowing it is dangerous. Most teens are very aware of the negative effects and possible consequences of substance use. If your teen is using despite this knowledge, this is a sign of abuse. To help teenager who are involve in alcohol according to Parekh (2009) parent must give teenagers a open communication between parent and child. Trust to adolescent trust to adolescent and caring, respecting and allow them to be who they are. And to be a responsible people in the society. Reference American Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. 4th ed. Washington, D. C:1823. Boyles S.
(2012) Why is Alcohol is Addictive? Retrieved from: http://www. webmd. com/mental-health/alcohol-abuse/news/20120111/study-sheds-more-light-on-why-some-get-alcoholism Butler K. (2006) The Grim Neurology of Teenage Drinking. Retrieved from: http://www. nytimes. com/2006/07/04/health/04teen. html? pagewanted=all&_r=0 Ehrlich S. (2011) Alcoholism Retrieved from: http://www. umm. edu/altmed/articles/ alcoholism-000002. htm#ixzz1WJ62XF7v Langham R. (2010) What Causes Alcoholism In Teens? Retrieved from: http://www. livestrong. com/article/146676-what-are-the-causes-of-teenage-alcoholism/ National Institute on Drug Abuse (2012) Alcohol.
Retrieved from: http://mentorfoundation. org/drugs. php? id=2 Palmera (2009) The Effects of Alcohol Abuse on Teens. Retrieved from: http:casa palmera. com /the effects of alcohol abuse on teens Parekh R. (2009) Understanding Alcohol Abuse in Adolescents. Retrieved from: search=oneword&highlight=ajaxSearch_highlight+ajaxSearch_highlight1+ajaxSearch_highlight2 Stoppler M. (2011) What is Alcoholism? Retrieved from: http://www. medicinenet. com/alcohol_and_teens/page2. htm#what_is_alcoholism White D. (2012) Symptoms of Teen Substance Abuse. Retrieved from: http://psychcentral. com/lib/2012/symptoms-of-teen-substance-abuse/.