Change in Amount of irrigation land area Essay

Published: 2020-02-13 03:42:56
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Irrigation considered as the critical input for production of food grains and other crops. Since inception of minor irrigation projects (power pump, DTW, STW and floating pump etc) in early sixties, area under irrigation has been expending. However, this expansion is yet to be in commensurate with the availability of increased number of irrigation equipment. Use of irrigation water at the field level requires to be more economical for augmenting agricultural production.

Better irrigation water management can largely minimize wastage of irrigation water management at farm level has been given top priority in the National Agriculture Policy. There are continued efforts to intensify and increase crop production and crop diversification by ensuring well integrated and planned use of both surface and under ground water while protecting environment. A number of projects are being implemented in different in different places of the country for the development of irrigation.

Notable among them are: (1) Survey and Monitoring Project for Minor Irrigation Development; (2) Rubber Dam Establishment Project to increase irrigated area through preservation of surface water in the dry season; (3) Prevention of intrusion of saline water and the development of drainage system in Kumira-Sonai Chari Region of Shitakunda upazila and the construction of Guptakhali water reservoir and irrigation project; (4) Project for the development of irrigation area (Barendra project); (5) Project for installation of deep tube-wells in Barendra area; (6) Ashugong Palash agro-irrigation project etc.

Overall, the objectives of these projects include: development of minor irrigation, proper use of the surface water, extension of irrigation facilities in drought-prone areas and poverty reduction through command area development. According to the statistics released by National Census on Small Irrigation, the total irrigated land in the country was 45. 06 lakh hectares in FY 1999-2000. it increased to 45. 16 hectares in FY 2000-01, 48. 04 lakh hectares in 2001-02, 48. 14 lakh hectares in 2002-03 and 48. 33 lakh hectares in 2003-04 and 48. 53 lakh hectares in 2004-05.the irrigated area increased by 7% in 2004-05 compared to that of 1999-00.

Area under Irrigation surface water Hectors Irrigation types 1999-2000 2000-2001 2001-2002 2002-2003 2003-2004 2004-2005 Major Irrigation 422656 352000 469575 485000 487000 490000 Low Lift Pump 645053 647300 761439 764300 166153 77000 Traditional 224172 222000 182240 176280 175200 175000 Change in amount & type of agro-subsidies The very survival of agriculture against inadequacy of investment coupled with increasing input cost warrants huge subsidy. During FY 2004-05 a total of tk. 1315.

77 crore had been provisioned other agriculture subsidy on TSP, DAP, ad MOP fertilizer including Urea as well as providing other forms of assistance to agriculture sector. In addition, 30 percent cash incentive is being provided to agriculture exports. In the year 2005-06 1200 crore Tk. has been provisioned for agriculture with Urea as well as TSP, DMP, MPO. In addition to this 30 percent cash incentive is being provided for agriculture exports. A programme for providing 25 percent subsidy on the import cost TSP, DAP; MOP is being implemented to encourage the use of balanced fertilizer for increased production.

These supports are encouraging many people involved in agriculture sector. Allotment in Agricultural Sector, 2001-02 to 2006-07 Budget Year Allotment (Tk in Crore) % of total Budget 2001-02 2670 6. 79 2002-03 2398 5. 58 2003-04 2859 5. 79 2004-05 4491 8. 07 2005-06 4494 7. 36 2006-07 5806 8. 32 Change in crop intensity and pattern In 1981-82, the total land area in Bangladesh was 14. 29 million hectares. Of this, the area of net cultivate land was 9. 38 million hectares, which was 65. 53 percent of the total land area. During this period, the cropping intensity was 153. 84.

In 1992-93, the total land area in the country increased a little and stood at 14. 84 million hectare but the area of net cultivates land declined to 8. 75 million hectare, which was only 58. 96 percent of total land area. However, the cropping intensity increased to 74. 36 during this period. In 2001-02, the total land area in the country was 14. 84 million hectares and the net area of cultivate land was 8. 40 million hectares, which was 57. 14 percent of total land area. The cropping intensity however gradually increased to 176. 96 in FY 2001-02. Trends of Cropping Intensity in Bangladesh.

(Area in million ha. ) Year Total land area of the country Net cultivable land % of net cultivable land of total area Shown net land area Total cropping area Cropping intensity 1981-82 14. 29 9. 38 65. 63 8. 58 13. 20 153. 84 1982-83 14. 29 9. 36 65. 63 8. 65 13. 00 150. 35 1983-84 14. 45 9. 46 65. 41 8. 68 13. 36 153. 96 1984-85 14. 48 9. 43 65. 10 8. 64 13. 15 152. 22 1985-86 14. 48 9. 44 65. 19 8. 75 13. 54 154. 48 1986-87 14. 70 9. 51 64. 68 8. 85 13. 34 150. 73 1987-88 14. 84 9. 82 66. 22 8. 29 13. 82 166. 75 1988-89 14. 84 9. 84 66. 33 8. 15 13. 71 168. 19 1989-90 14. 84 9. 78 65. 95 8.

35 14. 06 168. 44 1990-91 14. 84 9. 72 65. 50 8. 17 14. 03 171. 70 1991-92 14. 84 9. 09 61. 25 7. 98 13. 81 173. 02 1992-93 14. 84 8. 75 58. 96 7. 85 13. 70 174. 35 1993-94 14. 84 8. 75 52. 02 7. 72 13. 48 174. 52 1994-95 14. 84 8. 77 59. 10 7. 74 13. 52 174. 64 1995-96 14. 84 8. 72 58. 76 7. 80 13. 51 173. 18 1996-97 14. 85 8. 24 55. 49 7. 85 13. 80 175. 71 1997-98 14. 85 8. 36 56. 30 7. 97 14. 09 176. 79 1998-99 14. 85 8. 43 56. 77 7. 99 13. 96 174. 73 1999-00 14. 85 8. 45 56. 90 8. 13 14. 27 175. 52 2000-01 14. 85 8. 40 56. 57 8. 08 14. 30 177. 00 2001-02 14. 84 8. 48 57. 14 8. 08 14. 30 176. 98

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