Even when the teacher uses three-dimensional materials to illustrate a principle, the students seem bored or have difficulty understanding. The target group is composed of chemistry instructors who are currently employed in public schools. Their age and subject orientations are almost the same. They have different teaching styles, experiences and previous training about the subject chemistry. The need is to find a teaching technique and strategies that will be use in order to stimulate interest among the students about learning chemistry.
One person who has the idea to address these needs by the person of Lev Semenovich Vygotsky, a brilliant Russian, were explored to help them develop a clearer understanding of the learning process. According to Vygotsky, students come to school with many ideas about the way the world works; right or wrong he calls it their existing world view. They have develop this ideas by just simply living, trying things out, acting and interacting with the things around. He called ideas develop in this way, spontaneous concept. In School, formal and more sophisticated concept are present to students.
The challenge for the teacher is to bridge the gap between the students spontaneous concepts and the formal ones that the teacher is trying to develop. The solution is the activities that will allow the students to share ideas, to ask questions and make decision together. In the process, the students use the skills of science in learning the concepts. The materials needed in the training are easily bought and available from the educational store. The training room requirement must be adequate enough space with working desk for the participants to do their work since this is an activity base instruction.
PLAN FOR PROGRAM OF INSTRUCTION Action Plan for Teaching Chemistry Training using Activity Base Approach OBJECTIVES ACTIVITIES TIME FRAME INVOLVE SOURCE OF FUND Planning Stage 1. Inform the CEO about the training Meeting and dialogue with the CEO One days Coordinator Organization 2. Issue a Memorandum about the training Preparation of the memo One days Coordinator Organization 3. Prepare action plan 4. Prepare/ outline of Schedule of Activities Make training design Outlining of Activities Two days Two days Facilitator and Coordinator Organization
Implementing Phase; 5. Training Proper Training proper Three days Facilitator and Coordinator Organization Obtain the Support of the Chief Executive The plan for the program of instruction begins by obtaining the visible support and endorsement of the Chief Executive Officer, not only to initiate the program but throughout, is the first important step. This will be valuable in creating commitment not only from facilitator but for the trainee also. Appoint Key Staff The training program needs a facilitator who is widely experienced in conducting a training program.
If this facilitator is not available within the agency, we may hire an external facilitator. The facilitator may be internal or external, needs to be involved at the beginning of the program planning. Appoint an internal Coordinator Whether the facilitator is internal, there is a need for a coordinator to deal with the administrative aspects of the program. The coordinator should be an employee with a good understanding of the agency, and staff development skills, adult learning skills and the ability to coordinate, implement and evaluate programs.
The coordinator must assist in planning, establishing and handling the budget, obtaining any necessary approvals, organizing the venues, organizing attendances at the training sessions, promoting the program within the agency, organizing applications and any necessary selection process, supporting the trainee, supporting the facilitator, and reporting on the progress and outcomes of the program. Plan and Implementation The aim of this program is to train instructors using their creative ability to teach chemistry in a more exciting way, through activity base instruction.
The effects of this training will be to change the preconceived idea that chemistry is hard and boring subject and to teach the instructors the ways and technique to do the student activity instructions.. After the training as soon as they return to their respective classrooms, they will be expected to begin implementing the technique immediately. The Venue and Schedule The training shall be conducted in a classroom setting in order not to augment the natural venue of learning. The participants shall be limited to a class size of 30. The actual training will last only for 3 consecutive days.
But the preparation will begin one week before the training. Announce and Publicize The proposed training program will be publicized using existing communication channels, newsletters, notice boards, team meetings, circulars and e-mails. The publicity will begin by designing and printing the notices. Then these will be brought to the Chief Executive Officer for endorsement, after that the coordinator can begin the publication. Conduct Information Sessions The facilitator shall conduct information sessions for all interested employees, including people who are interested specially the science instructor.
Instructors who are potential participants should be encouraged to attend. Program Cost The cost of the program shall cover the facilitators fee of $2000 for the duration of the training, the cost involve for every participant including the meals and the training materials is $500 for the whole duration of the training. Therefore, for 30 participants the cost will be $15000. The cost of preparation can be attributed to miscellaneous with an amount of $500. Since, the program utilized the agency classroom and the coordinator is an employee of the agency then there is no cost involved.
The total cost involved will $17500. The Course Objectives At the end of the training the course, should be able to; 1. Conduct chemistry lectures with enthusiasm and interest by using the activity base learning techniques. 2. Can innovate an activity needed for the given subject. 3. Enhance the creativity of the student by using the activity base technique. 4. The trainee can execute the first basic skills in Activity base approach which Predicts . The facilitator might change factor in her demonstration and ask the trainee what might happen. 5.
The trainee will be able to Observe the changes that might take place. 6. The trainee will be able to explain about the observed changes. Task Analysis As science teacher should be aware that this type of process skill plays a major role in the development of science knowledge. The teacher should give importance to process skills in teaching. The skills are the students tools to help them cope with real life problem. Some of the common process skills are employed in this package and include the following: 1. Observing makes use of the senses. 2.
Inferring Explaining something based on observation. 3. Classifying When you put things into groups because they are alike. 4. Hypothesizing The students might have an idea on how to solve this problem. 5. Measuring Sometimes in science, making observation with your senses is not enough measuring allows you to more accurate. 6. Recording Writing the data for future use. 7. Interpreting Making sense of information 8. Experimenting When you test your ideas why something happens. 9. Analyzing Studying result after doing an experience and looking for relationship. 10.
Predicting When we find patterns we can use the pattern to predict what will happen. 11. Finding patterns Patterns occur when something changes in a regular way. It repeats itself. The lesson plan Lesson: CHEMISTRY: YESTERDAY, TODAY, and TOMORROW Objective: 1. To develop awareness of the many contributions chemistry has made to improve the quality of everyday life. Activity: Materials: A collage of cutout pictures of different commercial chemical products (e. g. cosmetics, paints, medicines, etc. ) cartoons, paper, paste, scissors, masking tape. Only one collage is needed as this is for a teacher demonstration.
Suggested Teaching Sequence: 1. Prepare a collage from a cut out pictures of the different product of chemical technology. Show the collage to the class. Ask the students to name one chemical product in the collage. Let them identify the field or area of human needs in which these product use. (e. g. birth control pills for population control; for food production or agriculture). 2. Divide your class into groups of 6 to 7 students. Assign each group to discuss the valuable contributions of chemical products in a specified field or area of human needs.
3. Let them plan a role play or drama portraying life before and after these chemical products were made, and possibly how life would be twenty years from now with inventions of more new products. Let them focus on the theme, Chemistry Yesterday, Today, and tomorrow For discussion and planning, allot 30 minutes and extend this as an overnight assignment. Give each group about 10 minutes to present their role play the next day. 4. While the group is presenting their role play, ask the other groups to take note of the main ideas being presented. 5.
After all the groups have presented, ask the students about the impact of chemistry on their lives in particular and society in general. Second Day Lesson: CHEMISTRY: YESTERDAY, TODAY, and TOMORROW Objective: 1. To develop awareness of the many contributions chemistry has made to improve the quality of everyday life. Activity: Materials: Props and appropriate costumes for role play. Procedure: 1. Your teacher will show you a collage of commercial products prepared thru application of chemistry. Identify in what field or area of human need the products are used. 2.
For the specific area of human needs assigned to you, discuss within your group the valuable contributions of these products towards improving the quality of life. Extension Activity 1. Prepare a role play or drama portraying life before and after a particular chemical product was made and possibly, how life would be twenty years from now with inventions and more chemical products. 2. Assign a role to each member of the group. 3. Present the role to the class for about 10 minutes. Props prepared from cheap materials can greatly enliven your presentation. 4. Take note of the main ideas presented by each group.