Water is the most precious natural resource on our planet and we could not exist as humans without clean water. Everyday, humans disregard the importance of clean water by polluting our lakes, rivers and oceans. In order to fight against water pollution, we must understand the problems and find a solution to keep our water safe and clean for ourselves and for all life on our planet. Water pollution occurs when a body of water is adversely affected because of large amounts of materials going into our water.
When water is unfit for its intended purposes, it is considered polluted. Two types of water pollutants exist which are point source and nonpoint source and point sources of pollution occur when harmful substances are emitted directly into our bodies of water. Theres plenty we can do to monitor our water supply to be sure that we have clean water for now and for our future generations. (Poppe, 1997) Technology exists for point sources of pollution to be monitored and regulated, closely.
Poppe explains how we can improve clean water sources. Sewage and fertilizer are two type of pollutants that contain nutrients such as nitrates and phosphates and in excess levels, nutrients over stimulate the growth of aquatic plants and algae. (Centers for Disease Control and Preventions, 2007) tells us that Harmful algae bloom (HAB), can occur when certain types of microscopic algae grow quickly in water, forming visible patches that may harm the health of the environment, plants or animals.
Excessive growth of these types of organisms clogs our waterways and use up dissolved oxygen as they then decompose and also block light to our deeper waters. Harmful algae blooms present one of the most scientifically complex and economically significant coastal management issues facing the nation today. In the past, only a few regions of the United States were affected by these algae blooms, but now all U. S. coastal regions have reported major blooms. These blooms have devastating impacts on the environment, economy and human health. L. W.
Canter tells us that Pollution of groundwater can result from many activities, including leaching from municipal and chemical landfills and abandoned dumpsites, accidental spills of chemicals or waste materials, improper underground injection of liquid wastes, and placement of septic tank systems in hydrological and geologically unsuitable locations. We can help our water supply sources to become cleaner by doing our part in keeping our environment clean and supporting the many agencies that work toward protecting our lakes, streams, rivers and oceans.
Many concerned environmentalists bring the water pollutant issues to the forefront in order to make our water safer for now and in the future. Clean water is vital to human and animal survival and understanding some of the types of harmful pollutants in our water can better enable us to protect our own water supply.
Poppe, Wayne; Hurst, Renee,(1997) Water Pollution, Water Quality Int. , pp. 39-43, Canter, L. W. , (May, 1985), Ground Water Pollution Control, Lewis Publishers (2007) Harmful Algae Blooms, Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Preventi