It was held by Irish republicans with the aims of ending British rule in Ireland and establishing the Irish Republic. Padraig Pearse proclaimed the Irish Republic from the steps of the General Post Office (GPO) in Dublin on Easter Monday 24th April, 1916. The crowd attending there was exiguous and they werent understanding the situation very well. There were some cheers but no real enthusiasm. During the following week, the future of Ireland and their perception of independence changed forever.
Somehow, the Easter Rising leaders thought that England, being involved in the Great War, it was going to be easier to defeat for them. Far from reality, England put much energies in saving Ireland from rebels and sent 20,000 British troops to fight the Irish. These were just 1,500 Irishmen, scarcely armed and prepared for battle. The Easter Rising left large parts of Dublin in ruins; and it was a real failure, it was a suicide. In a desperate situation and with an effort to prevent further disaster, Pearse declared an unconditional surrender on Sunday 30th April 1916.
The Proclamation of the Irish Republic declared to the people of Ireland that they were free from any rule coming from England. The Proclamation expressed the hopes of the revolutionaries declaring that an independent and a provisional government had been established and ¦asserted their right to national freedom and sovereignty¦. Together with this the proclamation was to explain to the people of Ireland the purpose of the rising and to get followers among the Irish. Irish people was not initially on the side of the insurgents, due to lack of understanding of the purpose and the afraid of losing life.
Irish people, either, was not interesting in independence wars or anything quite similar. They did not see the British so tyrannical as the rebels did. However, this perception of the Irish reality changed quickly after the revolution was put down by the British troops and all leaders were killed. According to the writing, separatist were trained through her secret revolutionary organization, the Irish Republican Brotherhood. IRB was a secret association from 1958, its aim was to obtain a separate Irish Republic.
Actions for the Easter Rising began almost two years before the actual rebellion. The planning was a complicated process lead by Pearse and a group of the Irish Republic Brotherhood (IRB). IRB next to the Volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army carried out the Rising in 1916. In the proclamation, Ireland is declared a free republic where the writers of the Proclamation would set up a Provisional Government. They also mention the organizations involved in the rising and support by gallant allies in Europe,. It is to be said that Germany failed in its aid to the revolutionists.
It mentions that the rising was not a spontaneous occurrence and that the Irish have fought for freedom for the past three hundred years. The republic will guarantee religious and civil liberty, equal rights and equal opportunities. For the insurgents, it was understood that just real independence would give Ireland the happiness and prosperity of the whole nation and of all its parts. This gives the attempt to independence a triple sight as political, social and economic change, showing some of the Proclamations writers socialist principles.
The events after the rising would change Ireland forever. Two weeks after the insurrection was over, all seven writers of the Proclamation of the Irish Republic, Clarke, MacDiarmada, MacDonagh, Pearse, Ceannt, Connolly, and Plunkett, were executed. Irish and international reaction to this manner of punishment was horror and disgust. Executions excited a big wave of revulsion against the British authorities and turned the dead republican leaders into martyred heroes. The Easter Rising signed the end of British power in Ireland. The Easter Rising became a turning point in the Irish history.
It was the flame for the following Declaration of Independence of January 21, 1919 and it fractured the Irish politics in Constitutionalism and Militantism. Sinn Fein, Irish words for Ourselves alone, became the most influential political party in Ireland. The party was founded in 1905 by Arthur Griffith, a Dublin journalist. Although Griffith himself did not take part in the Rising, many Sinn Fein members did. They were also members of the Volunteers and the Irish Republican Brotherhood. After the Rising, republicans came together as a part of Sinn Fein.
In the 1918 general election, Sinn Fein won 73 of Irelands 105 seats. The Proclamation of the Irish Republic meant to be a real guide to follow in the coming Easter Rising but, it ended up being a paradox since any revolution needs for its leaders to be really well known by the nation? s people. This was not the case with Pearse and his followers; they were totally unknown to the Irish population and even the revolt message had not been rightly spread out through the nation. Only when they died they became famous. The rising ought to be a great inconvenience for Dubliners and for Irish people.
Shops closed, people stopped working and put out of their places of work. They did not want this and they had to deal with areas of the city destroyed and people killed by the fighting. After all, we might say that Easter Rising, taking into account all the inconveniences that it caused to the population and all the supporting doubts, was a completely success because it got the main searched aim. Thanks to the revolt, Ireland became an independent state a few years later. The Easter Rising was a totally military mistake but a gigantic step for the incoming Irish Republic.