Urban settlement began in 1889 when the agreement to develop a new city of Tijuana was signed by descendents of Agustin Olvera and Santiago Arguello. In the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century the city of Tijuana became a place of interest among Californian tourists a place of entertainment and trade. The year of 1920 changed the life of Tijuana new casinos opened. Nevertheless, the tourism declined in 1950s and the city had to re-organize and to re-structure its industry. Nowadays the city of Tijuana offers great variety of activities and attractions for foreign visitors.
Per Income Capital. Speaking about per capita income it is necessary to note that the city remains very poor because of high living and house costs. For example, about 40% of families with children under full age live below the poverty line, whereas in San Diego only about 15% of residents live below the poverty line. Actually, the gap between the rich and the poor is very huge. According statistics, on average the workers income is about $10-11,000. By comparison, the median city income for a household in San Diego equals $45,733 meaning that the income for a family amounts $53,060. In other words, people in Tijuana earn four times less than in San Diego. Income per capital was about $12,600 in 1991.
Economic Challenges. The economy of the city is claimed to be one of the most dynamic in Mexico. For example, many foreign organizations and companies are willing to establish industrial parks and plants called maquiladoras. Economic development is also marked by developing telemarketing and high-tech companies. So, people attract people with technical college degree. According statistics, the GDP per capita is about $9000 per year. Tourism business is one more benefit for economy, but the country also faces lots of challenges.
For example, the city is provided with few resources to ensure proper services for its population. Citys development is chaotic and disordered. The city, as it is mentioned, is without an eye to the future and lacking master plan for future infrastructure. (Citys Profile) Therefore, economic development is very slow. Furthermore, the number of foreign investors is very small as well as the number of jobs created. It is stated that the annual growth rate is hardly exceeding 3-4%.
Ecological challenges. The city of Tijuana suffers also from ecological problems affecting negatively life quality and health in the area. For example, the main problems are air and water pollution, sewage, industrial and solid waste. Tijuana suffers from uncontrolled burning, dirty streets, poor maintenance, leaded fuel and old vehicle system deteriorating the ecological situation in the region. Furniture manufactures illegally use solvents contributing to air pollution. Air pollution is the most serious problem in the city and it is worsening. Tijuana suffers also from droughts and floods caused by heavy rains. Furthermore, inadequate maintenance of sewage collector leads to serious water pollution.
Urbanization. Urbanization in the city is occurring, but its growth is also chaotic as there is no master plan how to control urban development. If not to take proper measure, people would suffer from declined life quality. For example, the urbanization rate is high, though the number of recreational zones, green areas and parks is very small. Land use is incompatible because of lack of zoning enforcement. Furthermore, the city is situated near the dangerous industries. However, since 1990 the citys government is constantly trying to control urban development and use of land within the city, but the government lacks finances and has few resources. One more problem is the presence of federally controlled lands within the city.
Everything About Tijuana. Retrieved September 6, 2007, from http://www.tijuana.com
Tijuana Visitors Guide. Retrieved September 6, 2007, from http://www.gocalifornia.about.com.
Tijuana: Citys Profile. Retrieved September 6, 2007, from http://www-rohan.sdsu.edu/~irsc/tjreport/tj8.html