We can see that Catherine looks to Eddie for approval, and also that his praise is extremely important to her, by the stage direction Almost in tears because he disapproves which highlights the intimacy in their relationship, as well as just her dependence on Eddies opinion being positive. Eddies comment you aint all the girls demonstrates again Eddies protectiveness and also hints at the unnaturalness of their relationship. In this scene Eddie repeatedly calls Catherine the Madonna which shows that Eddie thinks that Catherine is pure and innocent, and this highlights why he is unhappy about her going into the real world; the fact that he does not want that innocence to be removed. Eddie also tries to justify his reluctance to let Catherine into the real world by saying, Katie, I promised your mother on her deathbed. Im responsible for you. Firstly, he never calls her Catherine, always Katie and the nickname demonstrates the closeness and familiarity in the relationship, but secondly, more importantly, this quote also illustrates the importance of family loyalty in the play.
Lastly, it also hints at Eddies fatal flaw of over-protectiveness towards Catherine. However it is not just a delusion of Eddie that he is responsible and plays a large part in Catherines life. This is demonstrated by Catherine [grasping] his arm, which seems to show Catherine as almost desperate to please Eddie, but also highlights the extent of her familiarity with Eddie. Eddie remarks that Catherine [looks] like one of them girls that went to college, which is an interesting point to make because it shows, firstly that Eddie has started to realise Catherine is growing up, and secondly, because it shows their position in life, that they could not afford to send Catherine to college. Another aspect of Eddie and Catherines relationship is shown by Eddie pointing out that Catherine is walkin wavy.
This comment shows again that Eddie is very protective of Catherine, and also possibly that Catherine is naive and doesnt understand the effect that she has, because she is immediately confused and indignant at the remark. Eddie goes on to say I dont like the looks theyre givin you¦The heads are turnin like windmills. Eddie doesnt like men looking at Catherine and we get the impression that he thinks they will take advantage of her. When Catherine meets Rodolfo we are shown again how naive she is by her wondrously asking How come hes so dark and youre so light Rodolfo? This is such a child-like question that it really highlights how much she has been shielded from the outside world by Eddie and Beatrice. When she asks Rodolfo to sing you can then see that Eddie is uncomfortable with the rapture with which she listens and he rises and moves upstage. He then rises with iron control, even a smile and moves to Catherine to ask her whats the high heels for.
This uncovers Eddies fatal flaw of jealousy because it shows how he cannot bear for her to give attention to anyone else but him. Eddie then takes his anger out on Catherine saying Do me a favour, will you? Go ahead. Miller writes that Catherine is Embarrassed now, [and] angered, this is the first time that Catherine shows any discontent or anger towards Eddie. This seems to show Catherine is less bothered about annoying Eddie than about being embarrassed in front of Rodolfo. This is also the first sign of any slight strain in Catherine and Eddies relationship. We further see that Catherine paying attention to Rodolfo makes Eddie uneasy when she pours sugar for Rodolfo and Eddie is watching his face puffed with trouble. Miller demonstrates another change in Catherine and Eddies relationship, by illustrating Eddies reaction to Rodolfo and Catherines date at the Paramount. Eddie now seems jealous of Catherine and Rodolfos relationship, because Miller shows him waiting around for Catherine and Rodolfo to arrive back.
This jealousy is further highlighted by Eddie telling Catherine that Rodolfo only wants to marry her for the American passport. The audience is shown a new part of Eddie and Catherines relationship when Beatrice complains to him that its been almost three months since she was last made a wife. Eddies great attention to his attractive niece and impotence in his own marital relationship shows new undertones to Eddies feelings for Catherine. Although Eddie seems unable to understand his feelings for his niece until the end of the play, other characters are aware. Beatrice is the first to express this possibility in her conversation with Catherine when she mentions how Catherine still [walks] around in front of [Eddie] in [her] slip. Alfieri also realizes Eddies feelings during his first conversation with Eddie saying how sometimes there is too much love for the niece and then saying to Eddie that she cant marry him. Eddie does not comprehend his feelings until Beatrice clearly articulates his desires in the conclusion of the play, You want somethin else, Eddie, and you can never have her!
At the end of Act 1 Catherine starts off trying to help Beatrice keep the peace between Eddie and Rodolfo. However after Eddie makes the jibe to Marco about his wife being unfaithful she begins to provoke Eddie by asking Rodolfo to dance because she knows Eddie wont like it. This demonstrates Catherine is no longer in Eddies thrall. On page 44 Catherine starts talking to Rodolfo about living in Italy with him and then says that she is afraid of Eddie in America, then on page 47 she says to Eddie whilst trembling with fright I think I cant stay here no more. This shows a complete change in their relationship, that now Catherine is afraid of Eddie and is distancing herself from him. Catherines sobs of pity and love for [Eddie] break her composure, with this line Miller is demonstrating to the audience that Catherine has a mixture of feelings for Eddie she is scared of him, but at the same time she also honours their past. In this same scene after Eddie has kissed her and Rodolfo, Catherine tears at Eddies face ¦ [and] [stares] at him in horror.
This illustrates how Catherines feelings and attitude to Eddie begin to permanently change. Until the very end before the immigration officers turn up at the house Eddie is still trying to stop Catherine marrying Rodolfo. However after this point Eddie completely gives up and no longer tries to stop Catherine. When Eddie forbids Beatrice from going to Catherines wedding and Catherine shouts at Eddie calling him a rat [that] belongs in the sewer and Eddie seems about to pick up the table and fling it at her, it seems that there is nothing left of the loving and caring relationship that they had in the beginning of the play. However it is clear that beneath the surface she still cares for Eddie, because she tries to get him to leave the house before Marco arrives at the end, and she also attempts to get him to listen and make-up with Rodolfo.