The Union Army retreated and the battle ended only a day after or on July 21 and 22 (The Battle of Bull Run 2002), with a total of casualties that reached 3,000-5,000 on the side of the Union troops, and about 2,000 casualties on the side of the Confederates (Battle of Bull Run 1 2008). Who was involved? The battle was between the Union troops and the Confederates. Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell headed the Union troops, specifically the Army of Northeastern Virginia, which was sanctioned by Pres. Abraham Lincoln to move towards Manassas. As for the side of the Confederates, it was headed by Brig. Gen. P. G. T.
Beauregard, with them marching from the Shenandoah Valley, where Brig. Gen. Daniel Tyler of the Union would be attacking them by the Stone Bridge. It was a sound plan, however, it was said that McDowells forces were much too green to carry it out effectively (Battle of Bull Run 1 2008). What made it significant? In spite of the big amount of casualties, what made the battle significant, apart from the fact that it made known many members of the armies on both sides, especially the Union, was that the battle made the Federal commanders realize that ill success is due to the inferiority of the musketry (The Battle of Bull Run 2002).
Franklin believed that troops knew very little of the principles and practice of firing (The Battle of Bull Run 2002). Works Cited Battle of Bull Run 1. 2008. CivilWar-History. com. 2008